What is PHP?
PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor.
PHP is one of the first growing, free and platform independent server
side scripting language. PHP is very easy to understand and user friendly
programming language. The first version of PHP was released in 1994 by
Sample PHP code
echo "This is my first line.";
Lets examine this code line by line:
The first line is consist of opening of tag, <?php
. And it is
The second line has echo statement, which is used to display text in browser
when we run the php file. All string in PHP should pass between single
quote or double quote. The second line ends
with a semicolon. You must use semicolon after each statement ends. The
semicolon is known as the terminator in PHP. Otherwise it will display
error when you run the code.
The third line consist of the closing tag, ?>
.The closing tag marks the
end of the PHP code and it is mandatory.
How to Embed PHP in HTML
Lets discuss how to embed PHP codes in HTML page.
<title>My First PHP Page</title>
echo "This is my First PHP Page.";
PHP parse error
A parse error is come across when the code has syntax errors in it .For
example, each line of PHP code should end with a semicolon. If you don't
specify a semicolon, you will get parse error, and the code will not be executed.
Similarly, you will get a parse error when you forgot to uses
double quotes for strings. Apart for this, there are several
others options that might display parse error. The PHP parser tells the exert line on which it
encounters a parse error. So you can easily find the mistakes and
The following code will display error, because it is missing the
echo "This is my first line."
Escaping PHP Code
Escaping code is the process of overlooking instances of special
characters in the code. The following code will display error. To avoid
the error you can use an escape character (\) before double quote.
echo "Do you think, "You like php?"";
echo "Do you think, \"You like php?\"";
Comment in PHP code
Comments are an primary part of any program. They are statement that
are not executed along with the code. They help developers remember and
recall why they have used a particular code block in a script.
There are four ways of specifying
comments in PHP code:
<!-- You can put comment here -->
This is an HTML comment. Comments stated like
this will be ignored by the browserand will not be interpreted.
//Put comment here.
This kinds of comments is commonly used within PHP
#Put comment here.
The hash character can also be used to specify
comments within PHP code.
Put comment here
Here you can comment multiple lines